r r Rdham

rla Bhakti Pramoda Pur Gosvm Mahrja

[NOTE: This page uses Balarama font (available here)
for better transliteration of Sanskrit into English]


The Potency of This Day


mdhava-tithi, bhakti-janan


aragat (uddha-Bhakata)


Days that are dear to Mdhava, such as Ekda and Janamam, are the mother of

bhakti for they cause bhakti to appear in ones heart. r Rdh is the most beloved of r

Mdhava and Her appearance day is the crest jewel of all days that are dear to Him,

such as Ekda. The Padma Pura states that when Devai Nrada desired to hear the

glories of r Rdham from r Brahm, his father, Brahm replied that no one but r Hari

Himself can suitably glorify the appearance day of His beloved. Although Ekda is so

dear to r Hari, a person gains one hundred times more spiritual merit that leads to bhakti

by observing just one Rdham vrata than he does by observing a thousand Ekda vratas:


ekday sahasrea

     yat phala labhate nara

rdh janamam puya



Translated into English for the first time

The Time of r Rdhs Birth


Fearing the possibility of danger in Gokula Mahvana, the birthplace of Nanda-nandana r Ka, r Nanda Mahrja relocated his residence to Nandvara Hill. His dearmost friend, r Vabhnu Mahrja, who also expected many disturbances in Rvala, established his residence atop r Var Hill, which lies south of Nandvara Hill. It was in Rvala, in the abode of r Vabhnu Mahrja and his queen Krtid, that r Rdhik the internal potency of r Ka and the embodiment of His pleasure-giving potency manifested the pastime of Her appearance. This occurred at noon on the eighth day of the fortnight of the waxing moon, in the month of Bhdra, during the auspicious anurdh constellation, one year after r Kas birth.


r Rdh is, in fact, r Kas intrinsic potency. Since the energy and the energetic are eternally nondifferent by constitution (akti-aktimator abheda), She appears whenever Ka appears. To enable them to enact Their pastimes on Earth, Yogamy arranged for r Rdhik to appear one year after r Ka.


tata rabhya nandasya

     vraja sarva-samddhimn

harer nivstma-guai

                   ramkram abhn npa


rmad-Bhgavatam (10.5.18)


In this verse r ukadeva Gosvm addresses r Parkit Mahrja as follows: O King, since Nanda vraja, the land of r Nanda Mahrja, is the residence of the Supreme Lord, r Hari, it is eternally magnificent in every respect. This is due to its own transcendental virtues. Moreover, from the moment r Ka appeared there, it became ramy kra vihrasthna, the pastime place of Lakm-dev. This indicates that rmat Rdhik, the embodiment of all Lakms, opulence and good fortune, appeared after the birth of r Ka.


rla Jva Gosvmipda writes in r Gopla-camp (Prva 15.1920):


satya bahusuta-ratnkarat

    sa prpa gopa-dugdhbdhi

k intvamta-dyuti-rdh

    lak m-janandgt prttim


The ocean of milk, in the form of a gopa named r

Vabhnu, had many sons as precious as gems.

Despite this, he attained perfection solely due to the

appearance of Lakm in the form of r Rdh, who is

endowed with ambrosial radiance.


s khalu r-ka-janama-varnantaravar

e sarva-sukhasatre rdh nmni

nakatre jteti rdhbhidhyate.


That very girl manifested the pastime of Her birth one

year after the appearance of r Ka, during the most

auspicious constellation named anurdh. Thus She

was named Rdh.


r Rdhs Appearance: First History


When r Varuadeva, the god of the ocean, saw the invaluable jewel that is r Ka in his own palace, he spoke with jubilation:


adya me nibhto deho

          dyaivrthodhigata prabho

tvat-pda-bhjo bhagavann

     avpu pram adhvana


rmad-Bhgavatam (10.28.5)


O Lord, today my life has become successful and I

have attained the topmost wealth. Although I am the

master of all the oceans, which are reservoirs of

gems, I have never attained such a treasure as this.

The servants of Your lotus feet have attained

liberation (adhvana sasrasya pramavpu). I

am also Your servant and am praying for the same



The Padma Pura describes how r Rdh appeared at r Vabhnu Mahrjas

yaja-sthala, the place where he performed sacrificial rites:


 iti rutvpi s rdh

    pthv tata

bhdre msi site pake

    aam sajike tithau



    jt s rdhik div

yajrtha odhity ca

    d s divyarpi


rjnandaman bhtv

    t prpya nijamandiram

dattavn mahi ntv

    s ca t paryaplayat


Padma Pura (Brahma-khaa 7.40-42)


At noon, on the eighth day of the bright lunar

fortnight, in the month of Bhdra, the celestially

beautiful r Rdhik appeared from the land that

Vabhnu Mahrja was excavating for the purpose

of yaja. With a delighted heart, r Vabhnu

Mahrja took Her to his residence and presented Her

to his noble queen, r Krtid-dev, who proceeded to

raise Her.


r Rdhs Appearance: Second History


Another history describes that early one morning, in yet another place in Vraja, r Vabhnu Mahrja was taking bath in the Yamun. Floating close by was this spotlessly beautiful girl lying on a radiant and fully blossomed lotus. With great happiness, he at once took Her in his arms and brought Her home to his queen Krtid-dev. In great bliss, Krtid-dev embraced Her and began to care for Her with unbounded affection. But when the king and queen noticed that Her eyes did not open, their hearts were deeply afflicted, and they prayed at the lotus feet of the Supreme Lord that He would bless Her with the power of sight.


Meanwhile, at their palace in Rvala, r Nanda Mahrjas queen, Yaod-dev, arrived from Gokula, holding r Ka in her arms. The royal couple of Rvala greeted her with much honour. r Yaod-dev gazed with unblinking eyes at the newborn baby girl lying in the lap of r Krtid-dev. At that time, an astonishing incident took place. As soon as Yaodnandana r Ka came face to face with that baby girl, She opened Her eyes. Her first sight was the moon-like face of Her beloved r Ka, and She simply gazed upon Him. Ka too became overwhelmed upon gazing with intense feeling at the moon-like face of His most beloved. Their divine meeting took place through the meeting of Their eyes. The happiness of Vabhnu Mahrja and his queen knew no bounds, and they celebrated the occasion

with great pomp and grandeur.


rla Rpa Gosvmipda has given a similar narration in his book r Lalita-mdhava.


Intense Longing for r Rdhs Service


rla Rpa Gosvm, rla Santana Gosvm, rla Raghuntha dsa Gosvm and other gosvms have lovingly sung the glories of r Rdhr. How r Prabodhnanda Sarasvatipda has relished Her glories in such an unprecedented and astonishing manner in his r Rdh-rasa-sudh-nidhi ! The way r rla Bhaktivinoda hkura has composed Svaniyamaka and other prayers gloriously demonstrates his intense longing to attain

 r rdhdsya, service to r Rdh.


This same mood is also found in the writings of the most worshipable r rla Bhaktisiddhnta Sarasvat Gosvm Prabhupda that is, in his Anubhya commentary on r Caitanya-caritmta; in his Anuvtti on r Rpa Gosvms r Upademta; in his poetic translation of the ten states of divyonmda that r Rpa Gosvm described in r Ujjvalanlamai, r Bhramara-gt and r Mahi-gt; in the magalcaraa, or auspicious invocation, of his Prrthanrasa-vivti commentary on rla Narottama hkura Mahayas Prrthan; and in the magalcaraa of his Gauya-bhsya commentary on r Caitanya-bhgavata. These wonderful expressions of yearning for rdh-dsya serve as a continuous, powerful inspiration for us.


That day when my most revered spiritual master, rla Prabhupda, first met his spiritual master, o viupda r rmad Gaura-kiora Prabhu, he saw him walking towards r Svnanda-sukhada-kuja, dressed as an avadhta and singing one particular song over and over. With his own hand rla Prabhupda wrote down that song and kept it with him, regarding it as the dearmost treasure of his bhajana.


rla Gaura-kiora Mahrjas Heartfelt Prayer


As servants of rla Prabhupdas servants, our sole objective is to seek out that secret treasure. The Six Gosvms have demonstrated the ideal of weeping in profound anxiety as they wandered throughout Vraja, crying out h rdhe! h rdhe! In performing bhajana, our sole asset is our pure and sincere crying out to attain the transcendental mercy of the embodiment of mercy, r Rdhr. There is no other means to attain this treasure than by the causeless mercy of r Gurudeva. That devotional song that rla Bbj Mahrja would sing goes like this:


kothya go premamayi rdhe rdhe

rdhe rdhe go, jaya rdhe rdhe (1)


Where is She who is the embodiment of prema? All

glories to r Rdh.


dekh diye pra rkha, rdhe rdhe

tomra kgla tomya ke, rdhe rdhe (2)

O Rdh, please give me Your darana and save my

life. This wretched beggar for your mercy calls out to

You, Rdhe! Rdhe!


rdhe vndvana-vilsini, rdhe rdhe

rdhe knu-mana-mohini, rdhe rdhe (3)


O Rdh, You enjoy pleasure pastimes in the forest of

Vndvana, wherein You enchant the mind of Ka.


rdhe aa-sakhra iromai, rdhe rdhe

rdhe vabhnu-nandini, rdhe rdhe (4)


O Rdh, You are the crest-jewel among Your eight

principal sakhs. O Rdh, daughter of Vabhnu



(gosi) niyama kare sadi ke, rdhe rdhe


The Six Gosvms were always calling out, Rdhe!



(gosi) eka-bra ke ke-ghe,

bra ke va-vae, rdhe rdhe (5)


... sometimes at Ke-gha, sometimes at Va-vaa

Rdhe! Rdhe!


(gosi) eka-bra ke nidhu-vane,

bra ke kuja-vane, rdhe rdhe


... sometimes in Nidhuvana, sometimes in Sev-kuja

Rdhe! Rdhe!


(gosi) eka-bra ke rdh-kue,

bra ke yma-kue, rdhe rdhe (6)


... sometimes at Rdh-kua, sometimes at ymakua

Rdhe! Rdhe!


(gosi) eka-bra ke kusuma-vane,

bra ke govardhane, rdhe rdhe


... sometimes at Kusuma-sarovara, sometimes at

Girirja-Govardhana Rdhe! Rdhe!


(gosi) eka-bra ke tla-vane,

bra ke tamla-vane, rdhe rdhe (7)


... sometimes at Tlavana, and sometimes at

Tamlavana Rdhe! Rdhe!


(gosi) malina vasana diye gya,

vrajera dhlya gagai jaya, rdhe rdhe


The Six Gosvms simple clothing appears dirty

because they are always rolling in the dust of Vraja

crying out, Rdhe! Rdhe!


(gosi) mukhe rdh rdh bale,

bhse nayanera jale, rdhe rdhe (8)


Calling out Rdhe! Rdhe, their eyes burst with

floods of tears.


(gosi) vndvane kuli kuli kende beya

rdh bali, rdhe rdhe


They wander throughout the lanes of Vndvana

crying out, Rdhe! Rdhe!


(gosi) chpnna daa rtri-dine

jne n rdh-govinda vine, rdhe rdhe (9)


know nothing but Rdh-Govinda throughout

the day and night. Rdhe! Rdhe!


tra para cri daa uti thke

svapne rdh-govinda dekhe, rdhe rdhe (10)


They take rest for only four daas (1 hr. 36 min.).

Even at that time they receive darana of r Rdh-

Govinda in their dreams. Rdhe! Rdhe!


Only when I sincerely offer my life and soul to attain this extremely valuable treasure, feeling true anxiety and deep yearning for it, shall I understand that r Gurudeva has accepted me with an open heart. Oh, when will such good fortune arise! The number days I have left in this life will soon be exhausted!


rmat Rdhiks Transcendental Name


rla Rpa Gosvmipda tells the following story in the prelude to his narration of the one hundred and eight names of r Rdh: Once r Rdhr entered into a sulky mood towards r Ka and, despite His hundreds of pleadings, refused to forgive Him. When r Ka left that place with a greatly afflicted heart, r Rdhr soon gave up Her sulky mood. Her heart now churning from Her absorption in r Kas qualities, She became extremely aggrieved and repented, Alas! Speaking harshly to Him, I have rejected that Ka who is the ocean of all virtues. Will He ever come to Me again?


Seeing Her repenting like this, Her girlfriend Tungavidy, famous for her wisdom, addressed Her: O beautiful Rdh, abandon Your respect for Ka and listen attentively to my words. Do not worry, thinking, With harsh words I have rejected that Ka who is the ocean of all virtues. Will He ever return to Me? Previously, a sakh named Kandarpasundar was eager to establish a relationship with You in sakhya-bhva, the mood of friendship. r Paurams-dev advised her to chant Your one hundred and eight names to fulfil her desire. r Vnd-dev, the goddess of Vndvana, who is wellacquainted with the ways of r Paurams-dev, has written down those names in sindra (vermilion), and at this very moment is offering them to the Lord of Your life, r Ka. Aggrieved by the pain of separation from You, Ka is experiencing some relief by chanting these hundred and eight names.


It is said that r Rdhs names, being all-attractive and the embodiment of an extremely powerful mantra, should be written in sindra. With this introduction rla Rpa Gosvmipda narrates the unprecedented and exceptionally grave moods of the one hundred and eight names of r Rdh, the Goddess of r Vndvana, in r Premendu-sudhsatra. He has composed other hymns that are also extremely pleasing. Similarly, rla Raghuntha dsa Gosvm has written the hundred and eight names of r Rdh and other prayers in his Stavval.


In fact, r Ka, captivated by r Rdhs love, ceaselessly chants Her name. Therefore the name of r Rdh is like a deeply esoteric mantra. Without the exclusive shelter of r Rdh, there is no question of receiving the mercy of r Ka.


Humility and Service: Not Pride and Erudition


Our most worshipable rla Prabhupda has said, r Ka is adhokaja aktimn, the possessor of all potency who exists beyond the range of the material mind, intelligence and senses. r Rdh is adhokaj aktimat, r Kas spiritual potency who similarly lies beyond our material reach. The philosophy of the tarka-panths, who believe in the process of gross dialectic to acquire knowledge, is anay myate iti my through intellectual effort, one attains understanding of my. The supremely excellent philosophy of the rauta-panths, however, who follow the process of hearing in disciplic succession as a means to acquire knowledge, is anay rdhita iti rdh through the process of worship, one attains r Rdh. For them, the sole state of perfection is to engage in pleasing and satisfying r Ka with their entire body, including all their limbs and senses.


The tarka-panths can display their pride, but they cannot touch even the doorstep of the realm of bhakti. By instructing his own mind in r Mana-ik, rla Raghuntha dsa Gosvm humbly teaches us to renounce all pride and quickly develop sublime and incessant rati for r Gurudeva; for r Vraja; for the residents of Vraja; for the Vaiavas; for the brhmaas, who are like the demigods of this Earth; for our dk-mantras; for the holy names of the Lord; and for the topmost shelter of the lotus feet of r Rdh-Govinda, the eternally youthful couple of Vraja. As long as the false pride that stems from ones wealth, scholarship, beauty and birth in a high class family remains in ones heart, it is impossible to practice devotional service even slightly.


Moreover, a persons pride in his bhajana, devotion, renunciation, etc., also becomes a fatal hindrance on the path of devotion. We should always consciously remember the tdapi uncena verse spoken by rman Mahprabhu and, taking exclusive shelter of the lotus feet of rla Gurudeva, constantly pray for the mercy of r Rdhr. It is in this manner that we should seek the mercy of r Ka, the beloved of r Rdh.


bin rdh prasdena

      hari-bhakti sudurlabh


Without the mercy of r Rdh, hari-bhakti is

extremely difficult to attain.


rdh-bhajane yadi mati nhi bhel

ka-bhajana taba akraa gel


Gtval (r Rdhaka, Song 8)


If the desire to serve r Rdhik does not appear in

my heart, then my worship of Ka is simply useless.


The Most Worshipable Object


In the book called Krama-dpik, r Ka says to

the Moon-god:


mama nma-atenaiva

    rdh-nma sad-uttamam

ya smaret tu sad rdh

    na jne tasya ki phalam


The name of r Rdh is superior to hundreds of My

names. Even I cannot calculate the result achieved by

constantly remembering Her name.


Just as r Ka, aggrieved by separation from His beloved, always chants the name Rdh, r Rdh too, stricken with grief when apart from Her beloved, constantly utters the name Ka. Therefore, the only meaningful name to be chanted by the jva is the rdh-ka yugala nma [the Hare Ka mantra]. In Rya Rmnanda Savda it is said:


sampattira madhye jvera kon sampatti gai?

rdh-ke prema yra, sei baa dhan


    r Caitanya-caritmta (Madhya-ll 8.247)


r Caitanya Mahprabhu inquired, Of the many

capitalists who possess great riches, who is the



Rya Rmnanda replied, He who is richest in

love for r Rdh and r Ka is the greatest



gna-madhye kona gna jvera nija dharma?

rdh-kera prema-keli yei gtera marma


r Caitanya-caritmta (Madhya-ll 8.250)


r Caitanya Mahprabhu asked, Among all lyrics,

which lyrics describe the living entitys actual



Rmnanda replied, Those lyrics that speak

about the loving affairs of r Rdh and r Ka are

superior to all others.


dhyeya-madhye jvera kartavya kon dhyna?

rdh-ka-padmbuja-dhyna pradhna


r Caitanya-caritmta (Madhya-ll 8.253)


r Caitanya Mahprabhu asked, Of the many

types of meditation, which is necessary for all living



Rya Rmnanda replied, The chief duty of every

living being is to meditate upon the lotus feet of r

Rdh and r Ka.

sarva tyaji jvera kartavya kh vsa?

vraja-bhmi vndvana yh ll-rsa


r Caitanya-caritmta (Madhya-ll 8.254)


r Caitanya Mahprabhu asked, Where should

the living entity reside, giving up all other places?


Rya Rmnanda replied, He should reside in the

holy place known as Vndvana or Vrajabhmi,

where r Ka performed His rsa-ll.


ravaa-madhye jvera kon reha ravaa?

rdh-ka-prema-keli kara-rasyana


r Caitanya-caritmta (Madhya-ll 8.255)


r Caitanya Mahprabhu further inquired, Out of

all topics people listen to, which is best for all living



Rya Rmnanda replied, Hearing about the

loving affairs between r Rdh and r Ka is most

satisfying to the ear.


upsyera madhye kon upsya pradhna?

reha upsya yugala rdh-ka nma


r Caitanya-caritmta (Madhya-ll 8.256)


r Caitanya Mahprabhu asked, Among all

worship-able objects, which is the chief?


Rya Rmnanda, The highest worshipable object

is the holy name of r Rdh and r Ka.

Translated from r Caitanya-v,


Translated from Sri Caitanya-vani, Year 16, Issue 8
by the Rays of The Harmonist team.
Published in English for the first time in Rays of The Harmonist No. 14 Karttika 2004

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